The phenakistoscope was an early animation device that used the persistence of vision principle to create an illusion of motion. It relies on a disc with sequential illustrations to create looping animations when viewed through small slits in a mirror, producing an effect similar to today’s GIFs. Richard Balzer – obsessed with early optical devices – and his assistant Brian Duffy have been digitizing and animating these discs and sharing the results on Tumblr since 2012.


All Rights Reserved to The Richard Balzer Collection

Back to Top